(April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems. Abstract: Particle swarm optimization (PSO ) is an effective & reliable evolutionary based approach . Palmberg, "Hydraulic transformers-comparison of different designs," 2004. Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Barcelona, Spain, April 2005. Dongwoon Choi, Woonghee Shon and Ho-Gil Lee "Design of 5 D. F Robot Hand with an artificial skin For An Android Robot" Department of Applied Robot Technology, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology Republic of Korea. The study investigates and analyzes the possibilities of reducing the hydraulic resistance and increasing efficiency of the hydraulic actuator. Conventional hydraulic cylinders are simulated in FLUENT. Singh, "Derivation of design requirements for optimization of a high performance hydrostatic actuation system," International Journal of Fluid Power, vol. The activation of fatty acids by Acyl-Co A Synthetase is the need of de novo lipid biosynthesis, fatty acid catabolism and remodeling of biological membranes. The computation results indicate that new algorithms demonstrate their superiority respectively on both convergence and diversity. Adhinarayanan, Maheswarapu Sydulu "Particle Swarm Optimisation for Economic Dispatch with Cubic Fuel Cost Function", TENCON 2006, IEEE region conference. Acyl Co A Synthetase is an enzyme that participates in fatty acid biosynthesis. The performance of proposed cellular genetic algorithms is examined under three dynamic optimization problems with different change severities.
Results show that the hydraulic resistance is significantly reduced in the proposed four ports actuators; and the proposed cylinders run faster than the conventional cylinders and a considerable amount of energyis saved as well.
The small sized outlet ports of the cylinders resist the flow of discharged oil; and as a result the piston motion is slowed down.
This causes a lot of heat generation and energy loss within the actuators.
Yuhui Shi and Russell Eberhart "A modified particle swarm optimizer" 0- 7803-4869-9198 0.0001998 IEEE.
Eberhart "Fuzzy Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization" Evolutionary computation, 2001 proceeding of the 2001 congres on vol.1 page no.