is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
A website may be accessible via a public Internet Protocol (IP) network, such as the Internet, or a private local area network (LAN), by referencing a uniform resource locator (URL) that identifies the site.
As of 2018, end users can access websites on a range of devices, including desktop and laptop computers, tablet computers, smartphones and smart TVs.
Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP, other protocols such as File Transfer Protocol and the gopher protocol were used to retrieve individual files from a server.
A dynamic website is one that changes or customizes itself frequently and automatically.
Server-side dynamic pages are generated "on the fly" by computer code that produces the HTML (CSS are responsible for appearance and thus, are static files).
There are a wide range of software systems, such as CGI, Java Servlets and Java Server Pages (JSP), Active Server Pages and Cold Fusion (CFML) that are available to generate dynamic web systems and dynamic sites.
Various web application frameworks and web template systems are available for general-use programming languages like Perl, PHP, Python and Ruby to make it faster and easier to create complex dynamic websites.
Documents were most often presented as plain text files without formatting, or were encoded in word processor formats.Static websites can be edited using four broad categories of software: Static websites may still use server side includes (SSI) as an editing convenience, such as sharing a common menu bar across many pages.As the site's behaviour to the reader is still static, this is not considered a dynamic site.Similar to handing out a printed brochure to customers or clients, a static website will generally provide consistent, standard information for an extended period of time.Although the website owner may make updates periodically, it is a manual process to edit the text, photos and other content and may require basic website design skills and software.