The oracle, Alexander's court historians alleged, confirmed him as both a divine personage and the legitimate Pharaoh of Egypt, though Alexander's motives in making the excursion, following his founding of Alexandria, remain to some extent inscrutable and contested.
Evidence of Christianity at Siwa is uncertain, but in 708 the Siwans resisted an Islamic army, and probably did not convert until the 12th century.
Herodotus knew of a "fountain of the Sun" that ran coldest in the noontide heat.
During his campaign to conquer the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great reached the oasis, supposedly by following birds across the desert.
Its fame lies primarily in its ancient role as the home to an oracle of Ammon, the ruins of which are a popular tourist attraction which gave the oasis its ancient name Ammonium. To the west the Jaghbub oasis lies in a similar depression and to the east the large Qattara Depression also lies below sea level.
The Ancient Egyptian name of the oasis was Sekht-am meaning palm land. Its modern name Siwa, first appeared in the 15th century. Basset Although the oasis is known to have been settled since at least the 10th millennium BC, the earliest evidence of connection with ancient Egypt is the 26th Dynasty, when a necropolis was established.
Consequently, Arab rule from distant Cairo was at first tenuous and marked by several revolts.
Gradually eroded by infrequent rains and slowly collapsing, the Shali remains a prominent feature, towering five stories above the modern town and lit at night by floodlights.Oasis has provided short-term emergency shelter to youth ages 13-17 since 1997 and operates 365 days a year.The home-like residence is licensed to serve 8 youth per night for up to 21 days.This program is free and youth do not need to be homeless or at-risk to access this program.This means that shelter and community teens have a safe place to gather during the day that will include meals, arts and crafts, educational workshops, and a computer lab for vocational and academic support.