He is also one of only five drivers – along with Wilbur Shaw, Mauri Rose, Bill Vukovich, and Al Unser being the other four – and the only active driver to win the Indy 500 in back-to-back races.
Born in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil, South America, Castroneves started his career in karting, and later raced for the Paul Stewart Racing team, and finished third in the 1995 British Formula 3 Championship.
A year later, he won the Indy500 for a second time, becoming the first driver in more than 30 years and the youngest in history to win consecutively.
Seven years later, he accomplished the feat once again, joining an elite club of only nine other drives to win a third Indy500.
Castroneves missed the first race of the 2009 season while the trial was ongoing, but returned to racing at the Long Beach Grand Prix.
Racing fans have given Castroneves the nickname "Spider-Man" because of his victory celebration, in which he climbs the trackside debris fence.
On April 17, 2009, Castroneves was acquitted on six counts, but the jury was hung on one count of conspiracy.
One month later, on May 22, 2009, prosecutors dropped the remaining conspiracy charge.
Castroneves competed in his first Indianapolis 500 in 2001, and won.
Young Castroneves began go-kart racing when he was a small boy, and won a national go-kart title by the time he was a teenager.
In 1994, a 19-year-old Castroneves advanced to Formula Three auto racing in Europe.
His skill caught the attention of fellow Brazilian racecar driver and Indianapolis 500 winner Emerson Fittipaldi.
Fattipaldi helped Castroneves break into the Championship Auto Racing Teams Indy Car circuit in 1998.