In particular, the law forbids a sex worker to carry on her profession within 200 yards of a public place.
Unlike as is the case with other professions, sex workers are not protected under normal labour laws, but they possess the right to rescue and rehabilitation if they desire and possess all the rights of other citizens. The Indian Penal Code (IPC) which predates the SITA is often used to charge sex workers with vague crimes such as "public indecency" or being a "public nuisance" without explicitly defining what these consist of.
However, in 2012 the Central Government made a plea to the Supreme Court arguing that sex workers should not be allowed to pursue their trade under the constitutional "right to live with dignity".
Government counsel contended that any such endorsement by the court would be ultra vires of ITPA which totally bans prostitution.
Clients can be punished for sexual activity in proximity to a public place.The bill proposed criminalising the clients of trafficked prostitutes.However, it stalled during the legislative process, and legislation against human trafficking was subsequently effected by amendments to the Indian Penal Code.In ancient India, there was a practice of the rich asking Nagarvadhu to sing and dance, noted in history as "brides of the town".Famous examples include Amrapali, state courtesan and Buddhist disciple, described in "Vaishali Ki Nagarvadhu" by Acharya Chatursen and Vasantasena, a character in the classic Sanskrit story of Mricchakatika, written in the 2nd century BC by Śūdraka.