Although archaeological remnants dating to the 5th century BC have been discovered in the area, there is little to suggest that Dushanbe was more than a small village until the early 20th century.The first written mention of the village of Dushanbe occurred in 1676.On 10 November 1961, Stalinabad was renamed Dushanbe, the name it retains to this day.Severe rioting occurred in February 1990, after it was rumored that the Soviet government planned to relocate tens of thousands of Armenian refugees to Tajikistan.The measures were designed to combat an unserviceable debt bubble caused by borrowing to pay for lavish celebrations.Knowledge of the spatial and temporal variations in Alpine glaciations is essential for reconstructing the regional and global timing of ice ages.
The summers are hot and dry and the winters are chilly, but not very cold.
At that time, the town was a fortress on a steep bank on the left bank of the Varzob River with 10,000 residents.
In 1920, the last Emir of Bukhara briefly took refuge in Dyushambe after being overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution.
A Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic separate from the Uzbek SSR was created in 1929, and its capital Dyumshambe was renamed Stalinabad (Russian: The Soviets transformed the area into a centre for cotton and silk production, and tens of thousands of people relocated to the city.
The population also increased with thousands of Tajiks migrating to Tajikistan following the transfer of Bukhara and Samarkand to the Uzbek SSR as part of national delimitation in Central Asia.