Still, Taíno biological heritage survived to an important extent, due to intermixing.
Census records from 1514 reveal that 40% of Spanish men in Santo Domingo were married to Taino women, Christopher Columbus arrived on the island in December 5, 1492, during the first of his four voyages to the Americas.
The colony of Santo Domingo became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, the oldest continuously inhabited city, and the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World.
After more than three hundred years of Spanish rule the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821.
After its conquest of the Aztecs and Incas, Spain neglected its Caribbean holdings.By 1519, according to Pons, "Both the gold economy and the Indian population became extinct at the same time." The Alcázar of Colón, located in Santo Domingo, is the oldest Viceregal residence in all of the Americas.It was built for and used by Diego Columbus and his descendents.The Dominican Republic is the second-largest Caribbean nation by area (after Cuba) at 48,445 square kilometers (18,705 sq mi), and third by population with approximately 10 million people, of which approximately three million live in the metropolitan area of Santo Domingo, the capital city.Christopher Columbus landed on the island on December 5, 1492, which the native Taíno people had inhabited since the 7th century.