They also feared Hel, the goddess of the kingdom of the dead, whose skin was black on one side and red on the other. They believed that Odin, the king of the Nordic pantheon, had two black ravens, Huginn and Muninn, who served as his agents, traveling the world for him, watching and listening.
In fashion, black did not have the prestige of red, the color of the nobility.
In the center was the palace of Hades, the king of the underworld, where he was seated upon a black ebony throne.
Black was one of the most important colors used by ancient Greek artists.
The black they wore was not deep and rich; the vegetable dyes used to make black were not solid or lasting, so the blacks often turned out faded gray or brown.
Black was also the Roman color of death and mourning.
For the ancient Greeks, black was also the color of the underworld, separated from the world of the living by the river Acheron, whose water was black.
The Ancient Greeks sometimes used the same word to name different colors, if they had the same intensity. The Ancient Romans had two words for black: ater was a flat, dull black, while niger was a brilliant, saturated black.According to surveys in Europe and North America, it is the color most commonly associated with mourning, the end, secrets, magic, force, violence, evil, and elegance.The word black comes from Old English blæc ("black, dark", also, "ink"), from Proto-Germanic *blakkaz ("burned"), from Proto-Indo-European *bhleg- ("to burn, gleam, shine, flash"), from base *bhel- ("to shine"), related to Old Saxon blak ("ink"), Old High German blach ("black"), Old Norse blakkr ("dark"), Dutch blaken ("to burn"), and Swedish bläck ("ink").It became the color worn by English romantic poets, businessmen and statesmen in the 19th century, and a high fashion color in the 20th century.In the Roman Empire, it became the color of mourning, and over the centuries it was frequently associated with death, evil, witches and magic.